This type of tumor uses hormones to fuel its growth. But its use is also associated with postmenopausal symptoms—such as hot flashes and vaginal discharge—and an increased risk of uterine cancer and thromboembolic events. Radiation therapy may be recommended after mastectomy if you have a larger tumor, cancer in the lymph nodes, cancer cells outside of the capsule of the lymph node, or cancer that has grown into the skin or chest wall, as well as for other reasons. A local or regional recurrence is often manageable and may be curable. Along with staging, other tools can help estimate prognosis and help you and your doctor make decisions about adjuvant therapy. Planning for Advanced Cancer.
Extended Adjuvant Therapy in Breast Cancer Requires Individualized Approach
The Breast ; 10 suppl 3 : — Late Effects of Childhood Cancer Treatment. For both DCIS and early-stage invasive breast cancer, doctors generally recommend surgery to remove the tumor. This information is based on ASCO recommendations for adjuvant endocrine therapy for women with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. The gluteal free flap uses tissue and muscle from the buttocks to create the breast, and the surgeon also attaches the blood vessels. Adjuvant tamoxifen therapy may be an option, but the absolute benefit in this low-risk group is small.
Some of the most common possible side effects include:. They may have some problems with concentration and memory, which may last a long time. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Hormone Receptor-Positive Disease: To Give or not to Give Experience with Anti-Hormone Therapy in Early Breast Cancer Anti-hormone drugs were the first targeted therapy in oncology and have become a cornerstone of treatment in hormone recep- tor-positive breast cancer. Hormonal therapy, also called endocrine therapy, is an effective treatment for most tumors that test positive for either estrogen or progesterone receptors called ER positive or PR positive; see Introduction.
Hormonal receptor status is recommended as predictive of response to tamoxifen, and now also to aromatase inhibitors. It can, however, help reduce the risk that your cancer will come back. Generally, the smaller the tumor, the more surgical options a patient has. Cancer Facts and Figures When you enter three or more characters, a list of up to 10 suggestions will popup under the textbox.